Chilean Wine

Chile is one of South America's most important wine-producing countries. Occupying a thin strip down the western coast of the continent, it is home to a wide range of terroirs, and an equally wide range of wine styles.
Wine-Searcher editorial  ·  Last updated 25-Jan-2022
Vines and valleys in Chile
©Jonathan Reeve

The Chilean viticultural industry is often associated in export markets with consistent, good-value wines, but some world-class reds are also made, commanding high prices. For red wines the initial export mainstays have been Bordeaux varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot,

Like many New World countries Chile has adopted a signature grape variety; here it is Carmenère, once widely grown in Bordeaux. It was thought to be extinct following the European phylloxera outbreaks of the 19th Century, but was rediscovered in Chile in the 1990s. Much of it was mixed up in vineyards with Merlot plants; the Carmenère vines were often assumed to be poorer performing mutations of the former. Once they were identified, and the fruit was allowed a week or two extra on the vine to fully ripen, blends featuring Carmenère and single variety bottlings began to gain traction. (NB this grape variety is usually spelt Carménère - with two accents - outside Chile.)

Pinot Noir from the cooler parts of Chile is beginning to make an impression, and Syrah is increasing in popularity in many regions offering a wide variety of styles. The supporting cast of red wine grape varieties in Chile includes additional bit-part players from Bordeaux; Petit Verdot, Cabernet Franc and Malbec. Emphasis on the latter has increased in the light of Argentina's success with the variety, though plantings in Chile date back to the 19th Century. Cinsaut and Carignan join Syrah in the Southern French contingent.

White wine plantings are led by Chardonnay – also grown in many differing macroclimates – which can achieve very high quality levels with prices to match, and Sauvignon Blanc. Viognier, Riesling and Semillon are among those varieties grown on a smaller scale.

Chile spans 4300 kilometers (2700 miles) of land running north-south between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains. The topography is very favorable to viticulture, and despite the fact that Chile is only 160 kilometers (100 miles) wide, most climatic variation in the wine-growing regions happens from east to west, rather than from north to south. The Pacific, with its Antarctic Humboldt Current, brings cooling breezes to coastal vineyards, while the sheltering presence of the Coastal mountain range makes Chile's Central Valley relatively warm and dry. Along the eastern edge of the country, in the foothills of the Andes, high altitudes and abundant meltwater rivers make for a different terroir again. With the Pacific Ocean on one side and the forbidding barrier of the Andes on the other, Chile's vineyards have remained protected from the phylloxera aphid.

Chile has been a wine-producing country since the first European settlers arrived in the mid-16th Century. The original vines, to make sacramental wine, were brought by Catholic missionaries directly from Spain or via Peru or California. The Mission grape variety – known here as Pais – was widely planted during this time, and became the mainstay of country wines for domestic consumption. It is most common in Maule and Bio Bio in the south, mainly grown by older farmers making field blends, but it is beginning to feature in many high-quality bottlings.

It wasn't until the 19th Century that viticulture began to expand in Chile, mainly due to the spread of wealth associated with mining in the Atacama Desert. European trends started to infiltrate Santiago, and a wine industry sprang up to the south of the city, around the Maipo Valley. Wine estates were built, with the styles of both wine and architecture heavily modeled on those of France. The estate vineyards of Concha y Toro, Cousino Macul and Santa Rita were established in this time.

Throughout the 20th Century, Chilean wine was limited to a domestic market, but a push toward quality in the latter half of the century saw an uptake in the international market. Whereas Chilean winemakers had traditionally used tanks and barrels made of beech wood, in the 1980s stainless-steel tanks and oak barrels were introduced, marking the start of a technology-driven era.

Frequently Asked Questions

The three principle wine regions in Chile are the Colchagua Valley, the Maipo Valley and the Elqui Valley. Top wine producers are found throughout all three but the most well-known is the Maipo Valley thanks to its proximity to country's capital city of Santiago. Some of the country's finest red wines from Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Carmenère are produced in the Maipo Valley which is also known as the 'Bordeaux of South America'. 

To a degree, yes. Both can produce deep, structured inky wines showing red and black fruits and good freshness. However, they also both share a tendency to show very green bell pepper and sometimes unpleasant vegetal notes when not sufficiently ripe. This is perhaps a degree more prominent in Carmenère and goes some way to explaining why the variety has had success in the warmer climes of Chile's Central Valley.

Pisco is a colorless or yellow tainted grape brandy produced in the winemaking regions of Chile and Peru. Primarily produced from Moscatel grape varieties it is most popular used as the principle ingredient of a Pisco Sour. For more information, see Pisco
Chilean Wines
Based on search frequency, updated monthly
Product
 
Grape
Popularity
Critics' Score
Avg. Price
Wine Label of Vina Almaviva, Puente Alto, Chile
140th in popularity
4,103,737
93 / 100
Wine Label of Sena, Aconcagua Valley, Chile
152nd in popularity
3,123,740
94 / 100
Wine Label of Concha y Toro Don Melchor Cabernet Sauvignon, Puente Alto, Chile
253rd in popularity
2,725,616
93 / 100
Wine Label of Clos Apalta, Colchagua Valley, Chile
301st in popularity
2,848,116
93 / 100
Wine Label of Montes Purple Angel Carmenere, Colchagua Valley, Chile
338th in popularity
1,837,494
92 / 100
Wine Label of Montes Alpha M, Apalta, Chile
1,065th in popularity
1,837,494
92 / 100
Wine Label of Vinedo Chadwick, Maipo Valley, Chile
1,230th in popularity
7,594,976
94 / 100
Wine Label of Errazuriz Don Maximiano Founder's Reserve, Aconcagua Valley, Chile
1,249th in popularity
1,837,494
92 / 100
Wine Label of Montes Alpha Cabernet Sauvignon, Colchagua Valley, Chile
1,256th in popularity
428,749
89 / 100
Wine Label of VIK, Millahue, Chile
1,303rd in popularity
3,338,114
92 / 100
Wine Label of Errazuriz Estate Series Carmenere, Aconcagua Valley, Chile
1,396th in popularity
244,999
87 / 100
Wine Label of VIK 'La Piu Belle', Cachapoal Valley, Chile
1,430th in popularity
1,898,744
92 / 100
Wine Label of Los Vascos Cabernet Sauvignon, Colchagua Valley, Chile
1,500th in popularity
244,999
86 / 100
Wine Label of Vina Quebrada de Macul Domus Aurea Cabernet Sauvignon, Maipo Valley, Chile
1,636th in popularity
1,837,494
92 / 100
Wine Label of Montes Folly Syrah, Apalta, Chile
1,834th in popularity
1,776,244
92 / 100
Wine Label of Vina Almaviva EPU, Puente Alto, Chile
1,849th in popularity
1,408,746
92 / 100
Wine Label of Casillero del Diablo Reserva Cabernet Sauvignon, Central Valley, Chile
2,063rd in popularity
214,374
86 / 100
Wine Label of Clos Apalta 'Le Petit Clos', Apalta Valley, Chile
2,087th in popularity
1,102,496
91 / 100
Wine Label of VIK 'Milla Cala', Cachapoal Valley, Chile
2,141st in popularity
979,997
91 / 100
Wine Label of Le Dix de Los Vascos, Colchagua Valley, Chile
2,159th in popularity
1,255,621
91 / 100
Wine Label of Vina San Pedro 'Sideral', Cachapoal Valley, Chile
2,254th in popularity
704,373
90 / 100
Wine Label of Emiliana 'Coyam', Colchagua Valley, Chile
2,410th in popularity
581,873
91 / 100
Wine Label of Marques de Casa Concha Cabernet Sauvignon, Maipo Valley, Chile
2,519th in popularity
459,374
89 / 100
Wine Label of Aristos 'Duquesa d'A' Grand Chardonnay, Cachapoal Valley, Chile
2,701st in popularity
2,419,367
94 / 100
Wine Label of Cousino Macul Lota Red, Maipo Valley, Chile
2,825th in popularity
1,653,745
92 / 100
Only the first 20 pages shown
To see how Wine-Searcher uses average pricing and professional wine critic scores on this page, please see Average Wine Prices and Wine Scores. To find out about popularity, please see Wine Ranks.
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